Published Medical Papers
The EP Save A Life Foundation strives to stay current on dialogue around youth heart health. Medical experts often publish studies with latest findings on topics relevant to heart conditions and treatment. We share these reports here to further our mission to educate the community about Sudden Cardiac Arrest.
Incidence, Etiology and Comparative Frequency of Sudden Cardiac Death in NCAA Athletes: A Decade in Review (2015)
The rate of SCD in NCAA athletes is high, with males, black athletes and basketball players at substantially higher risk. The most common finding at autopsy is AN-SUD. Media reports are more likely to capture high profile deaths, while insurance claims are not a reliable method for case identification.
Comparison of Three Current Sets of Electrocardiographic Interpretation Criteria for Use in Screening Athletes (2015)
Incidence of Sudden Cardiac Death in NCAA Athletes
The true incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in US athletes is unknown. Current estimates are based largely on case identification through public media reports and estimated participation rates. The purpose of this study was to more precisely estimate the incidence of SCD in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes and assess the accuracy of traditional methods for collecting data on SCD.
Feasibility & findings of large scale ECG screening in young adults
Large-scale electrocardiographic (ECG) screening of young athletes has been shown to reduce the incidence of sudden cardiac death in Italy. Debate exists regarding the feasi- bility and benefits of such a program in the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe implementation and results of a large-scale high school ECG screening program (Young Hearts for Life [YH4L]) developed in the Chicago area.
Abnormal ECG findings in athletes
recognising changes suggestive of primary electrical disease
Fundamental to the appropriate evaluation of athletes undergoing ECG is an understanding of the ECG findings that may indicate the presence of a pathological cardiac disease. This article describes ECG findings present in primary electrical diseases afflicting young athletes and outlines appropriate steps for further evaluation of these ECG abnormalities.
Abnormal ECG findings in athletes
recognising changes suggestive of cardiomyopathy
This article describes ECG findings present in cardiomyopathies afflicting young athletes and outlines appropriate steps for further evaluation of these ECG abnormalities. The ECG findings defined as abnormal in athletes were established by an international consensus panel of experts in sports cardiology and sports medicine.
ECG interpretation in athletes—the Seattle Criteria
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of death in athletes during sport. Whether obtained for screening or diagnostic purposes, an ECG increases the ability to detect underlying cardiovascular conditions that may increase the risk for SCD. In most countries, there is a shortage of physician expertise in the interpretation of an athlete’s ECG. Efforts are being made to develop a comprehensive training resource to help physicians distinguish normal ECG alterations in athletes from abnormal ECG findings that require additional evaluation for conditions associated with SCD.